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Ethical Obligations For Supporting Healthcare Workers

Their Erj.ersjournals.com

  • During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, some healthcare facilities have, at times, reached the limits of their capacity to handle the surge in patient volume
  • Hospital beds and other medical resources became scarce as a consequence
  • Healthcare workers (HCWs) – both clinical and non-clinical – were required to increase their workload, under extremely stressful …

Health Insurance
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Healthcare Workers With COVID 19 In Mexico European

Workers Erj.ersjournals.com

  • I read with interest the recently published report by Siddiqui et al
  • [1], which described the characteristics and outcomes of health and social care workers testing positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the Tayside region of Scotland
  • Healthcare workers can be infected in the community, and in interactions with colleagues; therefore, such …

Covid 19 Health
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Healthcare Workers With COVID 19 In Mexico

Workers Erj.ersjournals.com

Healthcare workers with COVID-19 in Mexico To the Editor: I read with interest the recently published report by SIDDIQUI et al. [1], which described the characteristics and outcomes of health and social care workers testing positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the Tayside region of Scotland.

Covid 19 Health
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Guideline Concordant Therapy And Outcomes In Healthcare

Pneumonia Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) guidelines were first proposed in 2005 but have not yet been validated
  • The objective of this study was to compare 30-day mortality in HCAP patients treated with either guideline-concordant (GC)-HCAP therapy or GC community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) therapy
  • We performed a population-based cohort study of >150 hospitals in the US Veterans Health

Health Insurance
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Healthcare Workers With Tuberculosis Infected During Work

Tuberculosis Erj.ersjournals.com

Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at risk of nosocomial infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis 1.This risk was high in the pre-chemotherapy era, but declined rapidly after the introduction of effective treatment, which reduced the infectious period of tuberculosis (TB) patients, as well as the absolute number of TB patients in many countries 2.Along with the declining risk, the attention for

Tuberculosis Health
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Health Care Workers With COVID 19 In Mexico European

Infection Erj.ersjournals.com

Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection [1, 2]. The best way for HCWs to prevent infection with SARS-CoV-2 is through training and demonstrated competency in putting on and removing, also known as donning and doffing, personal protective equipment (PPE) .

Covid 19 Health
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Latent Tuberculosis Infection In Healthcare Workers In Low

Infection Erj.ersjournals.com

Introduction. Healthcare workers (HCWs), especially in high tuberculosis (TB) incidence countries, are at increased risk of latent TB infection (LTBI) and TB disease due to exposure to TB cases and variable implementation of infection control practices [1–3].World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines (2009) advise regular screening for TB in HCWs and routine reporting [].

Tuberculosis Health
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Patterns Of Healthcare Utilisation For Respiratory

Adults Erj.ersjournals.com

To quantify health service utilisation including monitoring and treatment of respiratory complications for adults with neuromuscular disease (NMD) identifying practice variation and adherence to guideline recommendations at a population level. Population-based longitudinal cohort study (2003–2015) of adults with NMD using hospital diagnostic and health insurance billing codes within

Health Insurance
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COVID 19 And COPD European Respiratory Society

Coronavirus Erj.ersjournals.com

As of 11 July, 2020, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus responsible for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has infected over 12.7 million people around the world and caused more than 560,000 deaths [1]. Given the devastating impact that COVID-19 can have on the lung, it is natural to fear for patients with underlying COPD.

Covid 19 Health
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Health Care Resources Utilisation And Costs In Patients

Pulmonary Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the classic fibrosing interstitial lung disease (ILD), but it accounts for <50% of all fibrotic lung disease seen in clinical practice
  • Some patients with other ILDs also develop progressive pulmonary fibrosis, with worsening in respiratory symptoms and lung function and early mortality
  • Data on healthcare resource utilisation and costs for

Health Insurance
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Perspectives Of Patients And Healthcare Professionals On

Healthcare Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Mobile healthcare (mHealth) has the potential to revolutionise the self-management of long-term medical conditions such as asthma
  • A user-centred design is integral if mHealth is to be embraced by patients and healthcare professionals
  • The aim of this study was to determine the perspectives of individuals with asthma and healthcare professionals on the use of mHealth for asthma self-management.

Health Insurance
8 days ago / 59 People Used See more...

Discharge Planning And Home Care For End Stage COPD

Health Erj.ersjournals.com

Ideally, a health professional, typically a nurse, should be responsible for the entire discharge process, including relationships with other healthcare providers. The patient should receive both written and verbal information about COPD, the therapeutic recommendations that have been made and the contact details of relevant health

Home Healthcare
4 days ago / 56 People Used See more...

COVID 19: Interim Guidance On Rehabilitation In The

Post-COVID-19 Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Background Patients with COVID-19 or post-COVID-19 will most probably have a need for rehabilitation during and directly after the hospitalisation
  • Data on safety and efficacy are lacking
  • Healthcare professionals cannot wait for published randomised controlled trials before they can start these rehabilitative interventions in daily clinical practice, as the number of post-COVID-19 patients

Covid 19 Health
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Asthma Management In Primary Care: Caring, Sharing And

Chronic Erj.ersjournals.com

While historically chronic illnesses have been “stewarded” by different practitioners in different countries [1] with the increasing number of people with chronic illnesses and the ever rising costs of healthcare, the primary care setting is viewed as the long-term custodian of chronic illness management [2–4]. For people with asthma, quality management in primary care is a real, viable

Asthma Health
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Covid19: Minimising Risk To Healthcare Workers During

Increased Erj.ersjournals.com

The major caveat of using noninvasive respiratory support in the face of the COVID19 pandemic is the generation of aerosols composed of small virus containing particles which may remain suspended in the air, with increased risk of health care workers (HCW) [7, 8].

Covid 19 Health
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The Disease Model: Implications For Clinical Practice

Produce Erj.ersjournals.com

Since the most remote origins of medicine, thousands of years ago, clinical practice has been based on the so-called “disease model” [1]. As shown in figure 1a, this model establishes that a number of risk factors and causative triggers interact to produce a “disease” characterised by specific pathology that manifests by a series of symptoms and signs which, importantly, guide the

Cats Health
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Latent Tuberculosis Infection In Health Care Workers In

Infection Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Health care workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and TB disease
  • We conducted an updated systematic review of the prevalence and incidence of LTBI in HCWs in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), associated factors, and infection control practices
  • We searched Medline, Embase, and Web of Science (01 January 2005–20 June 2017) for studies …

Tuberculosis Health
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The Respiratory Health Benefits Of Quitting Cannabis Use

Health Erj.ersjournals.com

Cannabis is the second most widely smoked substance besides tobacco. Moreover, its use in some societies has increased over the past several years [1], possibly due to changing perceptions regarding its potentially deleterious effects on health and its putative health benefits [2], as reflected by decriminalisation and legalisation for medicinal or recreational use by some regulatory authorities.

Health Insurance
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The Assessment Of Health Status Among Patients With COPD

Outcomes Erj.ersjournals.com

Relationship between health outcomes, health status and quality of life. Health outcomes represent a broad group of end-points used in clinical trials and other clinical research to assess the efficacy or effectiveness of interventions and to assess disease outcomes 6.Traditional health outcomes include mortality, number of hospital admissions and FEV 1.

Mens Health
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Incidence Of Occupational Latent Tuberculosis Infection In

Africa Erj.ersjournals.com

  • The test-specific incidence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in healthcare workers from sub-Saharan Africa is unknown
  • 505 healthcare workers from South Africa were screened at baseline, and after 12 months, with a questionnaire, the tuberculin skin test (TST), and two T-cell assays (T-SPOT.TB and QuantiFERON-TB Gold-In-Tube)
  • Test-specific conversion rates were calculated.

Tuberculosis Health
5 days ago / 65 People Used See more...

Digital Technologies And Adherence In Respiratory Diseases

Respiratory Erj.ersjournals.com

Current and emerging digital technologies in respiratory medicine. In the context of respiratory disease, poor adherence to medication is a significant concern associated with poor patient outcomes, unnecessary escalation of medication and increased healthcare costs [].Complex treatment regimens for patients with asthma and COPD, including both “as needed” medications for acute symptoms


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Ageing And The Border Between Health And Disease

Chronic Erj.ersjournals.com

Ageing is associated with a progressive degeneration of the tissues, which has a negative impact on the structure and function of vital organs and is among the most important known risk factors for most chronic diseases. Since the proportion of the world’s population aged >60 years will double in the next four decades, this will be accompanied by an increased incidence of chronic age-related

Health Insurance
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Social Stigma In The Time Of Coronavirus European

Lives Erj.ersjournals.com

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically changed the lives of people around the globe since it appeared in Wuhan, China, at the beginning of December 2019
  • The burden of disease and its death toll have had an unprecedented impact on the healthcare, economic, and financial systems of low-, middle-, and high-income countries [1–3]
  • Peoples’ lives have been disrupted and negatively …

Coronavirus Health
2 days ago / 95 People Used See more...

Bacille Calmette–Guérin Vaccination Of Healthcare

Healthcare Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Until 2018, bacille Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination was strongly recommended for all unvaccinated personnel and students in the healthcare sector in Norway
  • From June 2018, only a select group of students and healthcare personnel have been targeted for BCG vaccination, i.e
  • previously unvaccinated healthcare workers and students under 35 years of age who are caring for adult patients with

Health Insurance
8 days ago / 72 People Used See more...

An Italian Sacrifice To The COVID 19 Epidemic European

Doctors Erj.ersjournals.com

  • As reported by Newsweek magazine on 4 April 2020 [1], coronavirus has killed over 100 doctors and nurses around the world, nearly half of whom are reported to be in Italy
  • This report, however, underestimated the size of the problem
  • To date, 151 doctors and more than 40 nurses have died in Italy from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  • The report of Italian doctors who died during …

Covid 19 Health
8 days ago / 73 People Used See more...

Burden Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection In

Virus Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Background Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in older adults is recognized as an important health issue
  • We aimed to assess the community burden of RSV in Europe in older adults aged ≥60 years
  • Methods This international prospective observational cohort study is part of REspiratory Syncytial virus Consortium in EUrope (RESCEU).


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The Impact Of COPD On Health Status: Findings From The

Status Erj.ersjournals.com

  • The aim of this study was to describe the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on health status in the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) populations
  • We conducted a cross-sectional, general population-based survey in 11 985 subjects from 17 countries
  • We measured spirometric lung function and assessed health status using the Short Form 12 questionnaire.

Health Insurance
5 days ago / 72 People Used See more...

Quality Of Life And Healthcare Utilisation In Cystic

Study Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Quality of life and healthcare utilisation in cystic fibrosis: a multicentre study Judy M
  • Blume", Maria-Magdalena Balp+, David Honeybourne1 and J
  • Stuart Elborn#,e ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to discover the health status and healthcare utilisation

Life Healthcare
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Burden And Impact Of Hospital Acquired Infections In

Patients Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Background: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) affect 6 in 100 patients in acute-care hospitals in Europe, but their burden on patients admitted with chronic lung disease (CLD) is not well documented
  • Aim: To assess the prevalence of HAIs and their impact on mortality 30 and 90 days after hospital admission in adult CLD patients
  • Methods: Cross-sectional study in a stratified cluster sample


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From ARIA Guidelines To The Digital Transformation Of

Healthcare Erj.ersjournals.com

  • In all societies, the disease burden and the healthcare costs for people with allergic and chronic respiratory diseases are increasing rapidly [1]
  • Most economies are struggling to deliver consistent high-quality healthcare
  • There is a need to support the transformation of the healthcare system for integrated care through leveraging developments in digital health [2].


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Lives On The Line

Interests Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Pandemics and acute emergencies raise pressing medical, ethical and organisational challenges
  • These include global governance, priority setting, triaging of patients, allocation of scarce resources and restricting individual liberty in the interests of public health
  • We will focus particularly on an issue of direct relevance to all respiratory team members, i.e


4 days ago / 75 People Used See more...

Health Related Quality Of Life And Unmet Needs In Patients

Questionnaires Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Few studies have evaluated the quality of life of patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD)
  • We sought to determine the health impact of the disease as well as the unmet needs in a large group of patients
  • Questionnaires were either posted or e-mailed to known patients with PCD and published online
  • Questionnaires included the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire, the Medical Outcomes

Life Healthcare
4 days ago / 76 People Used See more...

Health Related Quality Of Life In COPD: Why Both Disease

Hospital Erj.ersjournals.com

  • }Health Care Research Unit, Dept of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Uni-versity Hospital, Go¨teborg, Sweden
  • Engstro¨m, Dept of Pulmonary Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE-413 45 Go¨te-borg, Sweden
  • Fax: 46 31824904 Keywords: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale mood

Life Healthcare
6 days ago / 89 People Used See more...

Realising The Potential Of MHealth To Improve Asthma And

MHealth Erj.ersjournals.com

  • mHealth (mobile health) refers to the use of mobile and wireless devices in the support of healthcare delivery and improvement of health outcomes
  • mHealth has evolved from eHealth (electronic health), the use of information and communication technology (ICT) for health services and information transfer
  • According to the World Health Organization \[1], mHealth “has the potential to transform

Asthma Health
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Reducing Tuberculosis Transmission: A Consensus Document

Index Erj.ersjournals.com

The healthcare facility occupants playing a role in TB transmission are the patients, health staff and visitors. Although patients are traditionally seen as index cases transmitting the infection and HCWs as the potential victims to be protected, visitors (and other patients) also need to be considered, both as potential index cases or as

Mens Health
8 days ago / 83 People Used See more...

A National Study Of Medical Care Expenditures For

Health Erj.ersjournals.com

The present study used data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), a joint endeavour of the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality and the National Centre for Health Statistics. MEPS is designed to provide data on healthcare use, medical care expenditures, sources of payment, and insurance coverage for a representative sample of


4 days ago / 80 People Used See more...

The Burden Of Illness And Economic Evaluation For COPD

Capture Erj.ersjournals.com

Healthcare databases will vary widely in terms of the elements of health utilisation that are captured. Clinical trials of COPD, for example, may only capture healthcare use that is considered “disease-related”, such as outpatient visits for bronchitis and inhaled medications.


1 days ago / 88 People Used See more...

Opinion And Practice Of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Amongst

Widely Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disease, widely prevailing across low- and middle-income countries
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a low cost, high impact intervention but is not widely available in Sri Lanka
  • The opinions of health care providers (HCPs) regarding PR is important to establish an effective referral process for future PR.


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Survival Estimates In European Cystic Fibrosis Patients

Health Erj.ersjournals.com

Countries with higher health care spending had a 46% lower hazard of mortality (HR: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.45–0.64) than countries with lowest health care spending. Interpretation Median survival for patients with CF in Europe is comparable to that reported in other jurisdictions and differs by socioeconomic factors.


2 days ago / 111 People Used See more...

The Role Of EHealth And MHealth In Tuberculosis And

Million Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Both tuberculosis (TB) and tobacco consumption are major global public health concerns
  • About 9 million new cases of TB emerge each year and 1.5 million people die from the disease, despite the fact that TB is eminently curable in the large majority of cases with an affordable course of drugs [1]
  • Tobacco is the largest preventable cause of death in the world: almost 6 million people die from

Tuberculosis Health
4 days ago / 84 People Used See more...

Personal Strategies To Minimise Effects Of Air Pollution

Pollution Erj.ersjournals.com

  • As global awareness of air pollution rises, so does the imperative to provide evidence-based recommendations for strategies to mitigate its impact
  • While public policy has a central role in reducing air pollution, exposure can also be reduced by personal choices
  • Qualified evidence supports limiting physical exertion outdoors on high air pollution days and near air pollution sources, reducing

Personal Healthcare
8 days ago / 89 People Used See more...

Pulmonary Function And Radiological Features Four Months

COVID-19 Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Background The coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) pandemic is an ongoing global health care challenge
  • Up to one third of hospitalised patients develop severe pulmonary complications and ARDS
  • Pulmonary outcomes following COVID-19 are unknown
  • Methods The Swiss COVID-19 lung study is a multicentre prospective cohort investigating pulmonary sequela of COVID-19.


2 days ago / 114 People Used See more...

Impact Of Changes In Physical Activity On Health Related

Patients Erj.ersjournals.com

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether changes in regular physical activity (PA) affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 611 patients (mean age 67.2±8.4 yrs; forced expiratory volume in 1 s 49.7±14.6) completed the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) and the

Health Insurance
4 days ago / 87 People Used See more...

Muscle Weakness Is Related To Utilization Of Health Care

Utilization Erj.ersjournals.com

The factors determining utilization of health care resources in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are poorly understood. In order to obtain insight into these factors, we studied the utilization of health care resources in 57 stable COPD patients with a forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of 36 +/- 9% predicted.

Health Insurance
4 days ago / 88 People Used See more...

Rhinovirus Infection And Healthcare Utilisation In

Infants Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Our aim was to determine whether rhinovirus (RV) lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in prematurely born infants increase health-related cost of care during infancy
  • 153 infants born at <36 weeks of gestation were prospectively followed to 1 year
  • Cost of care was calculated from the National Health Service reference costing scheme and healthcare utilisation determined by …

Health Insurance
5 days ago / 90 People Used See more...

Community Acquired Pneumonia: The Annual Cost To The

Community-acquired Erj.ersjournals.com

al healthcare costs to the National Health Service (NHS) of treating patients suffering from community-acquired pneumonia in the UK. This was a predefined subgroup analysis of a larger study that estimated the annual cost to the NHS of treating all community-acquired LRTIs …


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World Health Organization Recommendations On The Treatment

Health Erj.ersjournals.com

  • Antimicrobial resistance is a major public health problem globally
  • Likewise, forms of tuberculosis (TB) resistant to first- and second-line TB medicines present a major challenge for patients, health care workers and health care services
  • In November 2019, WHO convened an independent international expert panel to review new evidence on the treatment of multi-drug and rifampicin …

Mens Health
2 days ago / 119 People Used See more...

Health Utilities In Evaluating Intervention In The Sleep

Health Erj.ersjournals.com

Formulating a rational health policy necessitates the ability to compare between different healthcare interventions and disease scenarios. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy with a conservative lifestyle strategy in sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (SAHS) was evaluated using health utility and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) as outcome measures.

Health Insurance
5 days ago / 93 People Used See more...

Digital Health For The End TB Strategy: Developing

Health Erj.ersjournals.com

  • In healthcare, the health needs of the population keep outpacing the health workforce availability and expertise, and eLearning presents many opportunities to close this gap
  • Reliable information about TB and other health risks could help patients and their relatives to cope better with the associated challenges

Health Insurance
3 days ago / 92 People Used See more...

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FAQ erj.ersjournals.com health

What is healthy really means?

Healthy eating means eating a variety of foods that give you the nutrients you need to maintain your health, feel good, and have energy. These nutrients include protein, carbohydrates, fat, water, vitamins, and minerals. Nutrition is important for everyone. When combined with being physically active...

How do you stay healthy?

In order to stay healthy, you need to live an active and aware lifestyle. This means getting at least 30 minutes of exercise daily, eating a well balanced diet, and try and reduce stress in your lifestyle. Becoming more active will help with stress levels and eating a well balanced diet will help keep you healthy.

Is your healthy food really healthy?

Is Your Healthy Food Really Healthy? Give your salad a second look. While salads are a great way to get in your daily vegetables, it's surprisingly simple to... Avoid artificial sweeteners. While reducing the amount of sugar in your diet is always a positive move, artificial... Be picky about popcorn. Popcorn can be a great low-calorie snack when you make it at home. More ...

Is being too healthy unhealthy?

Yep, being too healthy can actually be unhealthy . Orthorexia is an obsession with eating a "pure" diet, which can mean avoiding foods with unhealthy fats, added sugar or salt, genetic modifications, artificial colors, or flavors and preservatives.

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